This component focuses on the construction of primary schools, health facilities and potable water supplies in villages without these services and without such services being available in nearby areas. Without such services in the vicinity children are less likely to enroll in school and more likely to have poor attendance, people are less likely to make use of health services, and nutritional outcomes are likely to be poorer. Furthermore any efforts to encourage people to make better use of services (including the use of conditional transfers) will be much less effective.
The three following types of sub projects are eligible for support
i) Construction/rehabilitation of Primary and Secondary Schools’ classrooms, teachers’ houses, toilets, water points, teachers’ offices, libraries, laboratories and dormitories.
ii) Construction/rehabilitation of Health Facilities (including
Outpatient dispensaries, maternal child health centres, staff houses, toilets, incinerators and water points.
iii) Development of potable water supplies
The above sub projects should comprise a service package which is in accordance with the respective sector ministries and in harmony with PAA plans. Sectors will provide relevant information such as the currently governing policies, technical drawings and specifications plus technical advice. Sector Ministries, however, should also be open to new ideas and specific requirements coming from the communities and make appropriate adjustments.
The maximum financing from TASAF for a project is 90% (95% for water), with the remaining 10% coming from community contributions.
The programme is focused on areas identified as lacking key services according to the supply side assessment which is undertaken as part of the cash transfer sub component of the Productive and Social Safety Net. Villages which are classified by the supply side assessment as lacking in one or more areas of service provision will be notified of their eligibility to apply for this component.
The following project cycle highlights the key steps in implementing the Targeted Infrastructure Development component:
Sub Project Cycle
Pre Sub project cycle Activities: Communities eligible for this component (according to the supply side assessment) are informed of: their eligibility, the application procedure, appropriate planning approaches and criteria for sub project funding.
Sub project Identification: Interested communities form a Targeted Infrastructure Community Management Committee (TICMC) which then works alongside PAA experts to undertake participatory planning to identify a proposed sub project. The TICMC plays a lead role in writing up the sub project in accordance with appropriate guidelines (including Resettlement, Environmental and Social, and Indigenous Peoples Framework Safeguards)
Appraisal and Approval: An initial desk appraisal is undertaken by the PAA to ensure the application is complete, that safeguards have been adhered to and conformity to sector standards. On successful completion of the desk appraisal, a more detailed field appraisal is undertaken to check that proper participatory processes were followed, that the sub project has the support of the community, that the community contribution is available and that plans for operation and maintenance are in place. The sub projects are then approved by the Village Council or PAA (depending on the value of the sub project) before being forwarded to the TMU who will facilitate further review of the sub projects by the SET before final approval is given by the NSC.
Launching: Following approval by the NSC of the sub project an agreement is signed between the TICMC, VC and PAA, the TICMC opens a sub project bank account and relevant training and orientation of the TICMC and other village level bodies is completed. The project is also formally launched at community level.
Implementation: Sub project Implementation is the responsibility of the TICMC and the beneficiary communities. The TICMC procures any necessary goods and services as laid out in the appropriate guidelines, oversees the work, manages the budget, and will ensure the completion of the project within the maximum timeframe of 12 months. It is the responsibility of the Village Council to ensure that communities provide their contribution (a minimum of 10% for all projects apart from water projects where the minimum is 5%) as laid out in the sub project proposal. The TICMC also prepares quarterly reports.
Supervision and Monitoring: The VC, technical staff from the PAA/respective Ministries in Zanzibar undertakes periodic monitoring and supervision missions.
Completion and Inauguration. Once the sub project is complete and inauguration ceremony is held to officially commission the asset.