优发国际app

调节宜居环境
2013-06-19 16:37:00 来源:首都优发国际app下载政务网

  (一)都市的“天然空调”

  shidiwanrujiyijingzhandeqihoushi,juyouqiangdadediaojieqihoudegongneng,tazhuyaotongguoyingxiangqiwen、shiduyujiangshui3fangmianyinsulaidiaojiequyuqihou。yifangmian,youyushuidererongliangxiaoyudimian,xirehefangredoujiaoman,suoyishidishangqiwenbianhuajiaoweihuanhe,erganzaodedimianshangqiwenbianhuazejiaoweijulie;lingyifangmian,shidihaitongguoshuimianzhengfa、zhiwuzhengtengguochengchixubuduandixiangjindimiandaqishusongshuiqi,zaitigaozhouweidiqukongqishidudetongshi,haikeyizaiyidingchengdushangyoufajiangyu,zengjiajubudiqudejiangyuliang,youliyudangdirenmindeshenghuohegongnongyeshengchan。

  shididiaojieqihoudegongnengzai5—9yueyingxiangshifenmingxian,dongjiyingxiangjiaoruo。yanredexiaji,shididuizhouweiqiwenyoumingxiandediaojiezuoyong。jingchengzhongdeshidi,jizhouweidiqudeshengchanheshenghuodailailianghaoyingxiang,julishidiyuejin,jiangwenzuoyongyueqiang,shididuijiduanzuigaoqiwenyeyoudiaojiezuoyong。juyanjiu,congzhaozeshidiyuluodishangkongbutonggaoduqiwenribianhuakan,zaigecenggaodushangdoushizhaozeshidiqiwendiyuluodi。shididelengshixiaoyingmingxian。

  shidibenshenyinweishuideliudongkeyichanshengfeng,erqieyouyujingchengheliushidiyantumeiyouzudangfengdezhangaiwu,yincifengbijiaoda,zheishiheliushididetianranyoushi。shishishang,zaixiaji,renmenxiguandaoheliushididengyoushuideanbianganshou“liang”yi,zheijiushishidide“kongdiaoxiaoying”。liru,beijingdecuihushidijinkaoshangzhuangshuiku,dishidiwa,ganhanshinenghenhaodishifangshuiqi,qiasiyibutianrandekongdiaoyouxiaogaishanzhequyuqihou。shidifenbuquqiwenjiaozhouweichengqudi,shidugaoyuqitayongdileixing。

  (二)绿色“海绵”

  shidishiyigetianranchushuixitong,juyouqiangdadediaojiejingliu、junhuashuiweihekongzhihongshuideshengtaigongneng,duiquyufanghong、kanghan、jianzai、weichiquyushuipinghengqizhejuzuqingzhongdezuoyong。erbufenleixingshidideturangbaokuofayushusongdecaogencenghefayushenhoudenitanceng,youhenqiangdexushuixinghetoushuixing,zaixushui、fanghongfangmianxiaoguoxianzhu。ciwai,youxieshidizhiwu,rutaixiandengbenshenkeyixishoudaliangdeshuifen(zuidakedazishentizhong10—25beideshuifen),duibaoshuixushuiyejiweiyouxiao,shidiaojiehongshuidelixiangchangsuo。

  beijingdekutangshidizaidiaoxushuiliangfangmianzhuyaoyougongshuigongnenghediaojiegongnenglianglei。beijingdeguanting、huairoudengshuikuzaiyujilanxuhongshui,zaiyushuikuifajijiezebujianduandikaizhafangshui,yujidaolaizhiqianjiangshuiweijiangzhisikurong,yiweichihedaoshengtaixitong,weichiliuyuyanxianjuminshengchan、shenghuodeyongshuixuqiu。rubeijingdecuihushidijinkaoshangzhuangshuiku,dishidiwa,keyijianhuanyuhongduishangzhuangshuikudechongji,bingyouzhuyuhanyangshuiyuan、chucunguoliangdeshuifen、huiguandixiashui。zaicuihushidifanweineikegongdiaoxudeshidimianji0.598pingfanggongli,anpingjunshuishen1mijisuan,cuihushidiyicixingkexushuiliangwei59.8wanlifangmi。xunqikejiangshangzhuangshuikubufenhongshuiyinjinshidi,bingtongguoshidineidehedao、kengtang、zhaozedengsheshilanxuyuhongchanshengdedibiaojingliu,jianshaoshangzhuangshuikuxunqixiaxieliang,shiqicuofengxiaxie,manzuxiayouyongshuiyaoqiu。

  ciwai,shidikeyitongguoshentouzuoyongbuchongdixiaxushuicengdeshuiyuan,duiweichizhouweidixiashuideshuiwei、baozhengchixugongshuijuyouzhongyaozuoyong,renleipingshisuoyongdeshuiyouhenduoshicongdixiakaicaichulaide,buduandishiyongdixiashui,xuyaobaochishuiyuanxiangdixiashuibuji,ershidizechengdanlezheiyizhongyaozhize。

  (三)城市之“肾”

优发国际app  shidiyeshiziranjiezhongzijingnenglizuiqiangdeshengtaixitong。yifangmian,shidiquyudishidiping,danghanyouwuranwuzhi(shenghuowushui、nongyaohegongyefeishuidengpaifangwu)deliushuijingguoshidishi,liusuhuidafudujianman,youliyuwuranwuzhidechendian。lingyifangmian,zaishidizhongshengzhangdezhiwu、weishengwuhexijundengtongguoshidishengwudiqiuhuaxueguochengdezhuanhuan,baokuowuliguolv、shengwuxishouhehuaxuehechengyufenjiedeng,jiangshenghuowushuihegongyefeishuizhongdewuranwuheyouduwuzhixishou、fenjiehuoguding、zhuanhua,jiangdiwuranwuzhihanliang,shiliujingshidideshuitidedaojinghua,xuejianhuanjingwuran。ruluwei、fengyanlian、xiangpu、shuicongdengshidizhiwunengyouxiaodixishougeleiwuranwu。beijingxuduoshidikeyiyongzuoxiaoxingshenghuowushuichulidi,tongguozheiyiguochengtigaoshuihuanjingzhiliang,youyiyujumindeshengchanheshenghuo,weihushengtaianquan。

  shididequwujinghuagongnengduibeijingzhoubianshuihuanjingjuyoumingxiangaishanzuoyong。beijingshijianshedeyipishidigongyuan,chongfenliyongrengongshidizhongshuishengzhiwudenawu、xishou、jiangjiedengzuoyong,fahuishidi“diqiuzhishen”degongneng,shibeijingshi900duogongqingdeshouwuranhedao、gouqu、diwadidengdedaoyouxiaochulihejinghua,baozhenglejingguanyongshui、lvhuameihuayongshuideanquan(gaoshiwu,2008)。

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