优发国际app

漫步皇家宫苑 体味历史留香的湿地文化
2013-06-26 11:09:00 来源:首都优发国际app下载政务网

 

北海

  beihaishiwoguoxiancunlishizuiyoujiu、baocunzuiwanzhengdehuangjiayuanlinzhiyi,jujinyiyoujinqianniandelishi,zhuyaoyouqionghuadao、donganhebeianjingquzucheng。beihaishuimiankaikuo,huguangtaying,cangsongcuibo,xuanliduozi,youruxianjing。zheilideyuanlinshigenjuwoguogudaishenhuagushi《xiwangmuchuan》zhongmiaoshudexianjingjianzaode,jiyoubeifangyuanlindehongkuoqishi,youyoujiangnansijiayuanlinwanyueduozidefengyun,bingxudiwanggongyuandefulitanghuangjizongjiaosiyuandezhuangyansumu,qixiangwanqianeryouhunranyiti。“hefengwansongcanxiangqi,zhululiangqiaolvyusheng。cuihesanshanlianlangyuan,bohanyijingyanpengying。”congqingqianlonghuangdideshizhongjiukelinglvedaoshuhongjuancui,guifuniaoyue,shangxiatianguangdebeihaidemeilijingzhi。

  jushishujizai:yuanzailiaodaideshihou,beihaiyidaicengshiyipianpaozhao,ludicongsheng。jindaikaijunhubo,zhujianxingchengyigefengjingqu,chengwei“bailiantan”。bailiantanzhongguangzhilianhua,chizhongbingyangyouyuniao,chenxishebo,chiguangyingtian,lvhehanxiang,yuniaozhongyou,youyoulianzhoujiazaizhongjian,queshiyifujimeidehuamian。zaiqingdaiqianlongnianjian,qianlonghuangdiduiyuanlinjuyoujiqinonghoudexingqu,bujindaguimokuojianbeihai,erqiezaigejingdiantixielezhongduoshiwen。

优发国际app  juqingshidanganjizai:guanlibeihaideyuancheng、yuanhumeiniandouyaoxianghuangshifengxianyidingshuliangdelianou,yigongyushanfangzhiyong。daoguangnianjian《fengchenyuancaiwulei》jizai“shousanhailianouzheheyinyibailingwuliang”。guangxubanian(1882nian)cixixiazhi:“suoyousanhailianhua、heye、ou,junzhekanguanyanjin,buxuzaidong,yibeishangwan。”dangshicixiyizhuxiyuan,jingchangzhibeihaiyouxing,suoyihuzhongpeizhihehualianoubunengsuiyicaizhai,zhuangongcixiguanshang。《xiaotingzalu》jizai:“yuhesanhaizhuchu,suiyoulianouzhizujunliangdibozheng,yigongneitingzhihuahuizhiyong。”xianghuangshishanggonglianoudeguanli,zhidaoqinghuangshixunweicaigaojieshu。

 

 

颐和园 昆明湖

优发国际app  kunminghucengbeichengzuowengshanbo、xihu。zaozaijindai,huangshijiuzaihubiandewengshan(jinwanshoushan)jianlilexinggong;mingchaozhengdenianjianjiangwengshangengmingwei“jinshan”,wengshanbogaiwei“jinhai”,bingjianyoujinshanxinggong,gonghuangjiaxiangle;qingdaiweiraozheipianshuiyujianchengjushiwenming、guimohongda,xifangrenchengwei“xiagong”deyuanlinshigongdian。

  kunminghuzhouzhangyue15gongli,mianjiyuewei2.2pingfanggongli,zaibeijingjiaoqumiyunshuikudengjianchengzhiqian,shibeijingchengneiwaizuidadehubo,tahumianguangkuo,shuiseqingbi,pingjunshendu1.5mi,zuishenchuyue3mi。

  kunminghuzailishishangshixishanshanluhongjishanqianyuanyouzhongduoquanshuihuijichengdeyikuaizhaozeshidi,cengyouqililuo、dabohudengmingcheng。dangshi,humianzhuyaoxiangdongxiliangmianfazhan,jianzaozheyoujihuadibayuanlaidehuanshangyibufentudiduizaihuzhong,bianchenglehuneixidijisandao。wachudenituyiyuwanshoushanshang,shizheizuoyuanlaijiaodiaideshanqiudaweizenggao。kunminghubeishanmiancheng,beikuannanzhai,xiangnanyanzhang,conggaochuliaowangxingzhuangxiangxinxing,judadehumianhongweierzhuangguan,zaixicejibeicexiangyitiaosidaihuanshanerguo。

优发国际app  yuandaiguoshoujingweicaoyunzhengheshuiyuan,duikunminghujiayikuojun,kuodalexihudemianji,shichengwengshanbo。zhiyuanershibanian(1291nian),guoshoujingzaikaizaotonghuiheshi,jiangwengshanbozuoweiyunheshangyoudediaojieshuiku,zaiciwazaokuojian,bingtongguoyuheyinyuquan,baifuyanyinchangpingbaifuquandengrubo,bingyuzhiyuanershijiunian(1292nian)xiuzhule10lizhangdexidi。gongchengwanchenghou,shuimiankuodaleshushibei,tongguoshang、xiaerzhakongzhijinchushui。zaiyuhongjijie,beibuketongguoqinghexiehong。

  mingdaihuzhongduozhihehua,zhouweishuitianzhongzhidaogu。yinweizheiyidaifengjingyoumei,shanshuijujia,mingchaoshiyouwenrenyakezanmeiqi“wanrujiangnanfengjing”“yijunzhishengguan”。chuchunhubingxiaorongyihou,anbiantingpantaohongliulv,qixiangwanqian。kunminghudezuinanduanchengshoulongzhuang,zhujianhuijuyuxiuyiqiao,kunminghushuibiancongzheizuoqiaoxiazhurutongwangbeijingchengdezhanghezhizhong。yanhuanxiangbei,kuankuodehumianshangweibolianyi,qingfengxuxu,niaoniaodeshuiqizirunzheganhelezhenggedongjidebeijingcheng。

  jibainianlaikunminghuweibeijingdechengshigongshui、hangyun、nongyeguangai、fanghongqidaoleguanjianxingdezuoyong。kunminghuximiandetuanchenghushiweilainanshuibeidiaogongchengdezhongdian,yeshibeijingchengshishuixizuizhongyaodezuchengbufen。

 

 圆明园福海

  fuhaidesuozaidiyuanmingyuan,shiqingchaodiwangzai150duonianjianchuangjianhejingyingdeyizuodaxinghuangjiagongyuan,zuoluoyubeijingxijiao,zhandi3.5pingfanggongli,qizhongshuimianmianjiyue1.4pingfanggongli。tajichenglezhongguo3000duoniandeyouxiuzaoyuanchuantong,jiyougongtingjianzhudeyongronghuagui,youyoujiangnanshuixiangyuanlindewenwanduozi,tongshi,yejiquleouzhouyuanlinjianzhuxingshi,jiangbutongfenggedeyuanlinjianzhurongweiyiti,zhengtibujushanghexiemeiguan,zhenkewei“suiyourenzuo,wanzitiankai”。yuanmingyuanbaochileshuitidetianranfengyun,anyuanyoudezhiwupeizhi,xingchengleyisong、zhu、he、liuweizhutidezhiwujingguan。chunjide“taqingjie”、xiajide“hehuajie”、qiujide“juhuajie”、dongjide“youyuanhui”,sijilvyouwenhuahuodongyixingchengtese。xiridehuangjiayuanlin,jinchaochenglerenmindeyouqizhidi,tongshiyiyizhiweizhuti,xingchengleninggudelishiyuchongmanpengboshengjideyuanlinqifenxiangjiehededutelvyoujingguan,jijuyouzhongdadelishijiazhi,youshiyichunandedelvyoushengdi。

  fuhaiyuanzikangxinianjian,《yangjizhaiconglu》shibajuanjizai,yuan(kangxiciyuanyuanmingyuan,feizhiyuanmingsanyuan)dongyoudongchi,yongzhengjianmingmingfuhai,qu“furudonghai”zhiyi。fuhaizaiyongzhengchaomingmingzhiqiansuchengdongchihuodonghu,qikaizaoniandaikenengweikangximoye,jingyongzhengjiweihoudejinyibukaituocaiyouhoulaideguimo。shiweihu,quebeimingmingwei“hai”,zheiyuzhongguogudaijiayuhuxiaodechuanshuoyouguan。xiangchuan,donghaizhongyou3 zuoshenshan,shanshangyouxianrenjuzhu,haiyouzhangshengbulaoyao。qinshihuangcengpaixufulvtongnantongnvshuqianren,ruhaixunxianjing、qiuxianyao,fuhaidemingmingzhengshiqu“xufuhaizhongqiu”deyuyi,yiqiuhuangdizhangshengbulao,daqingdiguojiangshanyonggu。

  fuhaihaohankaikuo,bibodangyang,shuimianjinyufangxing,kuanyuewuliubaimi,zongmianjiwei0.28pingfanggongli,jiashangzhouweidexiaoshuiyugongji0.32pingfanggongli。lishishangfuhaizuishenchuda3.8mi,yibanshuimianshenduyeyou2.3mizuoyou,zheiyangdeshenduweimeinianduanwulongzhoujingdujipingridachuanxingshitigonglebaozheng。huanliezhouweide10gebutongxingshidezhoudao,jiangmanzhangdeanxianfenweidaxiaobudengde10geduanluo,linjinshuimiandekaikuodiduanbuliebutongdefengjingdian,chongfenfahuichutamende“dianjing”yu“guanjing”zuoyong。ru“fanghushengjing”“pinghuqiuyue”“zaoshenyude”deng,yufuhaigeerbuduan,ruojiruoli,huweiyinjie,xingchengkailangyuyoushendeduibi。hedaohuanliuyuhaidewaiwei,shikuanshizhai、youkaiyouhe,tongguo10geshuikougoutongfuhaishuimian。daxiaoshuimianhuxiangyituo,xiangyingchengqu,fengfuledanyideshuijing,yexiangzhengzhebaichuanguihai,sifangshuiliujunguifuhai,tixianlesifangguishundeyuyi。qijianjianzhugeshiqiaoliangdianzhuilianxi,jixiaochuleanjiaodejiangzhidandiaogan,youxianshichushuimiandeyuanyuanliuzhang。zhouweiduanxudeduishanbazhongxinshuimiandekaikuokongjianyusizhoudehedaozhanggekai。yanhedaodeyoubididuanzejianzhuxiaoyuan,tongguoshuikoude“xiejing”yinrufuhaidepianduanceyingzuoweipeichen。gongqiangyuhedaozhijianyizhangyitushan,shidangdibagongqiangyanshiqilai。fuhaiyanhuanyidaisuzhuangdanmo,liaokuoshuzhan,jianzhudepeizhicaiyongpingdanshulangdeshoufa,meiyougaodadetilianghereyandesecai,weituchushuimiandekuanguang,sizhouzhuyaoyishushuluoluodejianzhujihuamu、shuijidengzujing。zhongduodeyuanlinjiajing,yiqibutongdeyuanlinjianzhufenggeheshihuayiqugongtongzuchengleyifuhaiweizhongxindepangdafengjingqun,beiyuweirenjianxianjing。

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